Spanish

The Basics

# Numbers

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Numbers

Basics of Numbers in Spanish

Cardinal Numbers

**Cardinal numbers**are essentially**counting numbers**. These are the most basic type of number in Spanish and are used to denote quantities.**0-10**are: cero, uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez.**11-20**are: once, doce, trece, catorce, quince, dieciséis, diecisiete, dieciocho, diecinueve, veinte.- Pay close attention to the changes in
**structure from 16-19**, where the numbers start with "dieci". This construction is similar to the English "ten-six" for sixteen. - The tens from
**30-100**are: treinta, cuarenta, cincuenta, sesenta, setenta, ochenta, noventa, cien. - To form numbers like 21, 35, or 67, you simply follow the ten's place number (veinte, treinta, sesenta) with "y" and the unit's place number (uno, cinco, siete). For example,
**21**is "veintiuno",**35**is "treinta y cinco", and**67**is "sesenta y siete".

Ordinal Numbers

**Ordinal numbers**denote**position or order**in a set: first, second, third, etc.- Ordinal numbers from
**1-10**are: primero, segundo, tercero, cuarto, quinto, sexto, séptimo, octavo, noveno, décimo. - Unlike English, Spanish ordinal numbers are often shortened when referring to centuries, kings, and queens. In those cases, you might see
**"primer"**instead of "primero", or**"segund"**instead of "segundo". - When referencing feminine or neuter nouns, ordinal numbers are made feminine by
**adding 'a' to the end**of the number. Example: "primera", "segunda". - Ordinal numbers above 10 are less commonly used in Spanish. Cardinal numbers are generally employed instead.

Other Important Points on Numbers

**Hundreds**are: cien (100), doscientos (200), trescientos (300), cuatrocientos (400), quinientos (500), seiscientos (600), setecientos (700), ochocientos (800), novecientos (900).**Thousands**are formed by placing "mil" after the number, e.g. "dos mil" for 2000.**Decimals**are expressed with a comma in Spanish, not a dot like in English. For example, "2.5" in English is "2,5" in Spanish.**Percentages**work the same way in Spanish as they do in English. For example, "50 percent" is "cincuenta por ciento".- When expressing large numbers, Spanish uses a period where English would normally use a comma. For example, "1.000" in Spanish is "1,000" in English. "1.000.000" in Spanish equals "1,000,000" in English.
- Do not forget to practice
**listening to and saying numbers**out loud. This skill comes in handy when having to deal with telephone numbers, addresses, and prices.